By Colin Partridge and James Page
Southeastern Archaeological Conference 2016
Two archaeological technicians from our Atlanta office, Colin Partridge and James Page, will present analysis related to a Brockington Data Recovery project at the 2016 annual Southeastern Archaeological Conference in Athens, Georgia. Mr. Partridge will be presenting on Friday, October 28th at 5 pm, in the General Session: General Session: Enslaved Narratives and Plantation Studies. The abstract of the paper is below.
Analysis of an Unknown Component at 38CH2048, Johns Island, Charleston County, South Carolina
This paper focuses on an unknown component identified at 38CH2048, an eighteenth to nineteenth century plantation site on Johns Island, Charleston County, South Carolina. To determine whether this part of 38CH2048 is associated with a Post-bellum homestead or with Civil War troop movements on Johns Island, we performed a functional and qualitative analysis of the recovered artifacts and compared them against known contexts. Our presentation will include the results of these analyses, as well as a discussion of the methods and best practices researchers can utilize in examining future Civil War sites and other conflict-oriented components.
By Jana Futch
Southeastern Archaeological Conference 2016
An archaeologist from our Atlanta office, Jana J. Futch, will present information on a recent Brockington Data Recovery project at the 2016 annual Southeastern Archaeological Conference in Athens, Georgia. Ms. Futch will be presenting on Thursday, October 27th at 11:20 am, in the General Session: Flora, Fauna, and Foodways. The title and abstract of the paper are below.
The House Between the Rock Piles: Results of Phase III Data Recovery at 9GE2085
Brockington and Associates completed a Data Recovery project at 9GE2085, a multicomponent site with two rock piles in Greene County, Georgia. The historic occupation of this site, dating from c. 1800-1830, represents one of the earliest Euroamerican habitations recorded in the Oconee River drainage. This review will focus on the possible historic residents of 9GE2085, an interpretation of the two rock piles, an examination of the material culture recovered from the site, and the results of a paleoethnobotanical analysis that identified a surprisingly diverse array of plant remains from a feature associated with the earliest historic occupation of the site.
By Stacey R. Whitacre, Scott Butler, and James M. Page
Southeastern Archaeological Conference 2016
Three archaeologists from our Atlanta office, Stacey R. Whitacre, Scott Butler, and James M. Page, will be presenting original research pertaining to the Battle of Atlanta at the 2016 annual Southeastern Archaeological Conference in Athens, Georgia. Ms. Whitacre will be presenting on Thursday, October 27th at 4:00 pm, in the General Session: Landscapes. The title and abstract of the paper are below.
Conflict Archaeology in a Modern Urban Environment: Finding the Battle of Atlanta
The American Civil War left a permanent mark on the landscape of the United States. However, several battlefields have been altered by modern development. The physical remnants of the Battle of Atlanta were gradually erased as the needs of a growing city resulted in the construction of roads, high-rises, and other development. This paper discusses the challenges, limitations, and overall potential of conflict archaeology in a modern urban environment and offers a methodological plan of action for conflict site identification and investigation. We present a case study of a Confederate gun emplacement site located during a utility project through Atlanta.
By Niki Mills
88th RSC Significant Event
Brockington was pleased to support the 88th Reserve Support Command (88th RSC) by conducting a Phase Ic Archaeological Investigation at the James T. St. Clair US Army Reserve Center (USARC) in Jeffersonville, Indiana. The attached report was written by Carrie L. Schafer, the Senior Environmental Planner for the 88th RSC Directorate of Public Works. In it, she describes the location of the USARC, which was once part of the Jeffersonville Quartermaster Depot, and the results of Brockington's investigations of this historic urban context.
By Dr. Kara Bridgman Sweeney
Southeastern Archaeological Conference
Dr.Kara Bridgman Sweeney, an Archaeologist in our Savannah office, will be presenting at the 71st annual meeting of the Southeastern Archaeological Conference (SEAC) being held in Greenville, South Carolina from November 12-15, 2014. Dr. Bridgman Sweeney will be participating in a symposium titled "Early Human Life on the Southeastern Coastal Plain."
Having recently completed a research project documenting evidence for social boundaries and intergroup interactions within the Early Side-Notched Horizon, Dr. Bridgman Sweeney found additional support for certain models of colonization, regionalization, and settlement for the Southeast. Her research suggests that distinct, place-oriented subregional traditions initiated during the late Paleoindian period continued into the Early Archaic. Dr. Bridgman Sweeney posits that, as descendent groups intensified their use of certain resource-rich river drainages, they also revisited other locations for the primary purpose of cementing social bonds at a regional scale. She finds that large-scale sharing networks, facilitated by regular cross-drainage mobility, are reflected in the patterned variation within two classes of side-notched tools made of Coastal Plain chert.
Dr. Bridgman Sweeney will be joining Larry James from our Charleston office in representing Brockington at SEAC this year.
By Larry James
Southeastern Archaeological Conference
Larry James, an Archaeologist in our Charleston office, will be presenting at the 71st annual meeting of the Southeastern Archaeological Conference (SEAC) taking place in November in Greenville, South Carolina. Mr. James' recent research focuses on the ruins of St. George’s Parish Church at the Colonial Dorchester State Historic Site in Summerville, South Carolina. The church and it's associated cemetery were in use from 1719 through the 1830s.
The surviving bell tower of St. George's is a stark reminder of an 18th-century Anglican community that endured years of prosperity, war, fire, and abandonment. Archaeological investigations that took place in 2012 and 2013 allowed researchers to study the enigmatic past of this sacred site. This work illuminated the connection between the spatial arrangement, architecture, and material remains of St. George's Parish Church and cemetery and the larger community of Dorchester. Mr. James' paper will present the results of this investigation and detail the archaeological integrity of this unique historic landscape.
Mr. Jame's presentation is included in a symposium titled "Archaeology in South Carolina State Parks," which will also feature papers on sites at Charlestowne Landing and Hampton Plantation. We are pleased to note that Mr. James is one of several researchers who will be representing Brockington at SEAC later this year.
By Steve Rabbysmith
2014 Society for American Archaeology Annual Meeting
Steve Rabbysmith will present information about the Barrancas Site at the next annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology (SAA), to be held in Austin, Texas from April 23-27, 2014. The Barrancas Site (8SE1354) is a large multi-component archaeological site located at Naval Air Station, Pensacola (NAS). The site has produced a wide variety of cultural material and intact deposits that are related to its extensive occupation, and reflective of its strategic importance on Florida’s Pensacola Bay.
Past investigations of the site have focused primarily on the substantial first Spanish Period occupation at the Presidio Santa Maria de Galve, and associated fortification San Carlos de Austria. However, a recent cultural resources compliance study carried out by Brockington on other portions of the site has revealed deposits associated with the American nineteenth century, including an Antebellum Creole home site, a Civil War Union encampment, and a post-Civil War Army installation.
The SAA presentation will provide an overview of the site’s later historical occupation and related archaeological remains, and will demonstrate the Navy’s commitment to preserving this and other important historic properties while maintaining its mission. Mr. Rabbysmith has been working with Brockington field archaeologist and University of West Florida graduate student Kad Henderson, as well as Carrie Williams, the Cultural Resource Manager of NAS, to put together the information for this presentation. Mr. Rabbysmith's talk will be part of the symposium entitled: Navy Archaeology, Recent Research, Critical Perspectives.
By Eric Poplin and Carol Poplin
National Underground Railroad Conference
In June, 2013, Eric Poplin presented a paper to the 2013 National Underground Railroad Conference focused on Harriet Tubman and the little-known history of the Combahee River Raid. An abstract of the paper is below, and full version of the presentation, including graphics, is provided in the attached PDF.
On the night of June 1-2, 1863, a Federal raiding force led by the 2nd SC Volunteer Infantry (African Descent) and guided by Harriet Tubman ventured up the Combahee River in lower South Carolina. Harriet Tubman gathered intelligence prior to the raid and spread the word for action among the enslaved laborers on Combahee River plantations. She helped calm the people as they fled to the Union gunboats. This raid carried over 700 enslaved people to freedom on this night, one of the largest single events of emancipation in the state or nation. Although well documented in the historical record, this event has been largely ignored in discussions of the American Civil War until the present. Widening of US Highway 17 and replacement of the Combahee River bridge (now the Harriet Tubman Memorial Bridge) prompted the creation of the Combahee Ferry Historic District. The District encompasses the inland extent of the 1863 Combahee River Raid, including portions of several rice plantations whose laborers escaped to freedom. This is one of the few places and events directly associated with Harriet Tubman in South Carolina. The South Carolina Department of Transportation is ensuring that this story does not remain forgotten in dusty archives but is told to the people of South Carolina and the United States through on-site interpretation, a traveling interpretive exhibit for local museums and entities, and a web-based history and guide of the Combahee Ferry Historic District.
The Practicality of Microartifact Analysis in CRM Contexts: A Case Study from Meade County, Kentucky
By Phyllis Rigney
2013 Society for American Archaeology Conference
In this paper, first presented at the 2013 annual Society for American Archaeology meeting in Honolulu, Hawaii, Phyllis Rigney details the results of a Phase II investigation in Kentucky that utilized microartifact analysis. Site 15MD543 is located in Meade County Kentucky, and had previously been identified during a Phase I survey by Brockington and Associates. As the site contains a relatively high density of artifacts and possesses intact deposits, Brockington recommended that 15MD543 was potentially eligible for the National Register of Historic Places.
Unfortunately, Brockington archaeologists only had one week to complete the Phase II field investigations. Faced with this daunting task, Brockington investigators decided to test microartifact analysis, a labor-intensive analysis primarily undertaken in the laboratory, as a supplement to normal data collection in order to gather as much information about the site as possible. Results of this investigation indicate that microartifact analysis can be useful in assessing intrasite spatial relationships when combined with multiple types of analysis. In addition, microartifact analysis is applicable in a CRM context and can be utilized to better assess NRHP eligibility at certain prehistoric sites. The attachment presents this paper in full.
By Inna Moore
South Carolina Arc Users Network Conference (SCARC)
On February 12, GIS specialist Inna Moore will present at the South Carolina Arc Users Network Conference (SCARC) in Columbia, South Carolina. Her paper is titled "Using Desktop GIS and Mobile Mapping Devices to Streamline Large Scale Historic Architectural Resources Surveys."
As explained by Ms. Moore, large scale historic architectural resource surveys present project managers with a variety of logistical problems. These surveys cover extensive areas, include thousands of architectural resources, produce large quantities of data, and require tremendous amounts of time, money, and management. Many of these issues can be alleviated by implementing not only office based GIS, but also by incorporating a mobile mapping device. Using office GIS, a comprehensive database can be created for all resources inside a study area. The database should consist of existing GIS layers (parcels, building footprints, previously surveyed area, recorded historic architectural resources, etc.) provided by the local governing agencies. It can then be uploaded onto an ESRI based mobile mapping device for use in the field. By using these mobile devices, architectural historians will be able to easily identify areas that have not been surveyed, survey eligible resources, create field strategies, and evaluate and record all pertinent information. After the completion of the field survey, the data can be downloaded, cleaned, and presented to the governing agencies in the form of digital databases and paper forms. By using both of these systems, architectural historians can be more efficient saving time and money while producing a more consistent cleaner product.