The Practicality of Microartifact Analysis in CRM Contexts: A Case Study from Meade County, Kentucky
By Phyllis Rigney
2013 Society for American Archaeology Conference
In this paper, first presented at the 2013 annual Society for American Archaeology meeting in Honolulu, Hawaii, Phyllis Rigney details the results of a Phase II investigation in Kentucky that utilized microartifact analysis. Site 15MD543 is located in Meade County Kentucky, and had previously been identified during a Phase I survey by Brockington and Associates. As the site contains a relatively high density of artifacts and possesses intact deposits, Brockington recommended that 15MD543 was potentially eligible for the National Register of Historic Places.
Unfortunately, Brockington archaeologists only had one week to complete the Phase II field investigations. Faced with this daunting task, Brockington investigators decided to test microartifact analysis, a labor-intensive analysis primarily undertaken in the laboratory, as a supplement to normal data collection in order to gather as much information about the site as possible. Results of this investigation indicate that microartifact analysis can be useful in assessing intrasite spatial relationships when combined with multiple types of analysis. In addition, microartifact analysis is applicable in a CRM context and can be utilized to better assess NRHP eligibility at certain prehistoric sites. The attachment presents this paper in full.